The National Association of REALTORS® (NAR) lawsuits have led to significant changes in the real estate industry, impacting how compensation is handled and how transactions are conducted. These changes are crucial for home sellers to understand in order to navigate the market effectively and ensure a smooth selling process. This blog will provide an in-depth analysis of the NAR settlements, the resulting regulations both nationally and in Indiana, and practical advice for home sellers to adapt to these changes.

Background on the NAR Lawsuits

The NAR lawsuits, particularly the Sitzer/Burnett case, were brought forward to address anti-competitive practices related to broker compensation. Plaintiffs argued that the existing system inflated costs for home sellers by mandating compensation offers to buyer’s agents through MLS (Multiple Listing Service) listings. The settlement, reached in March 2024, involves NAR agreeing to pay $418 million over several years and implementing significant regulatory changes*.

Key terms of the settlement include:

  • Prohibition of compensation offers through the MLS
  • Mandatory written agreements between buyer agents and their clients before home tours
  • Enhanced disclosure requirements for property listings and transactions
  • Financial implications and payment schedule for NAR*.

National Changes in Real Estate Regulations

  1. Elimination of MLS Compensation Offers

One of the most significant changes resulting from the NAR settlement is the prohibition of compensation offers through the MLS. This means that sellers will no longer list the compensation they are offering to buyer agents directly on the MLS platform. Instead, compensation will be determined through direct negotiation between the seller, their agent, and the buyer’s agent*.

Implications for Home Sellers:

  • Sellers need to be prepared to discuss compensation openly during negotiations.
  • Understanding the value of your property and the services provided by your agent will be crucial in these discussions.
  • Ensure that any compensation agreements are clearly documented and agreed upon by all parties involved.
  1. Mandatory Written Agreements for Buyer Agents

Another important change is the requirement for buyer agents to have written agreements with their clients before touring homes. This rule aims to formalize the relationship between buyers and their agents, ensuring clear expectations and reducing misunderstandings*.

Impact on the Home Selling Process:

  • Sellers should be aware that buyer agents will need these agreements in place, which might affect the timing and process of showings.
  • This change encourages more transparency and professionalism in real estate transactions.

Specific Changes in Indiana

  1. Updated Buyer Agency Agreements

In Indiana, the settlement has led to specific updates in buyer agency agreements. These agreements now reflect the new national standards set by the NAR settlement, focusing on transparency and fairness in compensation negotiations*.

Key Points for Sellers:

  • Familiarize yourself with the updated buyer agency agreements to understand how they impact your transaction.
  • Discuss these changes with your REALTOR® to ensure you are fully informed and prepared.
  1. Disclosure Requirements

Enhanced disclosure requirements are another critical aspect of the new regulations. Sellers must provide detailed and accurate information about the property and the transaction process. This includes any potential conflicts of interest and other relevant details*.

Importance of Accurate Information:

  • Providing comprehensive and truthful information helps avoid legal issues and builds trust with potential buyers.
  • Ensure all disclosures are complete and up-to-date before listing your property.

How These Changes Affect Home Sellers

  1. Transparency in Compensation

The new regulations emphasize transparency in compensation, requiring clear communication about how buyer agents will be compensated. This shift aims to create a fairer and more straightforward process for all parties involved*.

Strategies for Home Sellers:

  • Discuss compensation structures with your agent and understand the services provided.
  • Be open and honest in your negotiations with potential buyers and their agents.
  1. Negotiation Flexibility

The increased flexibility in compensation negotiations allows sellers to tailor agreements based on the specific services and value provided by their agents. This change can benefit sellers by enabling more customized and potentially cost-effective arrangements*.

Tips for Effective Negotiation:

  • Prepare by researching market standards and understanding your property’s value.
  • Work closely with your agent to develop a fair and mutually beneficial compensation agreement.

Adapting to the New Regulations

  1. Choosing the Right REALTOR®

Selecting a knowledgeable and experienced REALTOR® is more important than ever under the new regulations. Your agent should be well-versed in the changes and able to navigate the new landscape effectively*.

Questions to Ask Potential Agents:

  • How have you adapted to the new compensation rules?
  • What strategies do you use to ensure transparency and fairness in transactions?
  • Can you provide examples of successful transactions under the new regulations?
  1. Leveraging Technology

Technology plays a crucial role in modern real estate transactions. Utilizing online tools and platforms can enhance your property’s visibility and streamline the selling process*.

Examples of Effective Technology Use:

  • Virtual tours and professional photography to showcase your property
  • Online marketing and social media campaigns to reach a broader audience
  • Digital transaction management tools to simplify paperwork and communication

Practical Tips for Home Sellers

  1. Preparing Your Home for Sale

Staging and presenting your home effectively is key to attracting buyers. Invest in professional photography, virtual tours, and staging services to make a strong impression*.

Best Practices:

  • Declutter and depersonalize your home to appeal to a wide range of buyers.
  • Highlight the property’s best features and ensure it is well-maintained and clean.
  1. Understanding Market Trends

Staying informed about local and national real estate market trends can help you set a competitive price and attract serious buyers. Use market data to guide your pricing and marketing strategies*.

Using Market Data:

  • Analyze recent sales in your area to understand pricing trends.
  • Monitor market conditions to determine the best time to list your property.


The NAR lawsuits have introduced significant changes to the real estate industry, impacting home sellers in various ways. By staying informed and adapting to these new regulations, you can navigate the market successfully and ensure a smooth selling experience. Always seek professional advice from experienced REALTORS® to make the most of your real estate transactions.


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